8 Typical musical instruments from Peru

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8 Typical musical instruments from Peru

Peruvian music unites us at a distance, sounds that fill you with memories and happy feelings for your country. Get to know some autochthonous instruments in the following list and discover from which regions they come from.

There are 5 types of instruments: Stringed or chordophones, wind or aerophones, percussion or membranophones, idiophone instruments and finally, electrophones. In Peruvian music we have autochthonous instruments that come mainly from the string, wind and idiophone types.

While you are traveling to Peru you may need to keep communication or a translation app. That’s why you may need to use one of our mobile phone plans for tourists to avoid high roaming costs. In order to make a nice trip here in PeruSIM. Here we show you some typical musical instruments from Perú.

1. Charango

This small guitar of approximately 63 centimeters was created in the Andean area of Peru after the arrival of the Spaniards. It is currently played most frequently in Apurímac, Huancavelica, Cusco, Arequipa, Puno and especially Ayacucho; where this musical instrument can have less or more than the five pairs of double strings that characterize it.

2. Zampoña

This musical instrument of the Wari culture appeared in the 5th century and has remained in use until the present day in the Andean regions of southern Peru: Ayacucho, Cusco, Apurimac and Puno. The zampoña is composed of 13 tubes joined in parallel, each one has different diameters and lengths, this allows the variation in its sound when it is played.

3. Cajon

It is a percussion instrument of Afro-Peruvian origin, characteristic for its rectangular shape and because people must sit on it to play it. It is said to have been created by slaves in the 14th century and became known at the beginning of the 19th century with the expansion of black rhythms such as the festejo, which currently maintains great popularity in the central coast, especially in towns such as San Luis de Cañete and El Carmen de Chincha.

4. Quena

When the Inca empire reigned, the melodies of the quena spread throughout the Tahuantinsuyo. Today it is a musical symbol in the central highlands, places like Junin, Huancavelica, Huanuco and Pasco; they nourish their different folkloric styles with the sweet sound that comes out of the seven holes of this millenary wind instrument, which is usually made of cane, wood or bone.

5. Andean harp

The harp was brought by the conquistadors and adapted by the Peruvian natives of the Andes. At present it is played mostly from Ancash to the south of Cusco, and is the basic instrument in the sung huaynos. There are several models of this traditional musical instrument, among the best known are the rounded harp of Ayacucho and the harp of Huancayo with a wider shape.

6. Pututu

The chasquis used to announce their arrival at each checkpoint along the Inca Trail by playing this wind instrument, made from a large marine conch shell that emits a powerful sound. Today it is still used in Andean regions such as Cusco, where it is a must during the Inti Raymi and Easter Week ceremonies.

7. Cajamarca Clarin

This wind instrument can measure up to four meters long and is mostly used in the countryside of Cajamarca, although in the city some musical groups play it during their concerts and even the rocker Miki Gonzalez included it in several of his productions. In 2008 the clarin cajamarquino was declared by the National Institute of Culture (INC) as Cultural Patrimony of the Nation.

8. Bandurria cusqueña

It is a very popular musical instrument in the Imperial City, it usually has four double, triple or quadruple strings; and it is used to interpret huaynos, qashwas and other traditional genres of this region. According to Andean belief, musicians should tune their bandurria cusqueña while listening to the song of a mermaid, as this will allow them to make young girls fall in love with their songs.Finally, we know that you have to keep communication with your relatives and friends, that you need to be able to orient yourself in new cities, that you might need help with translation and that you might need to search for restaurants or hotels. That’s why with PeruSIM you can buy a SIM card including the data plan of your need without having to worry about high roaming costs.

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