Top 5: Traditional Festivals of Peru

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Top 5: Traditional Festivals of Peru

Peru is one of the best known energetic countries in the world. Every month is busy with festivals that promote the culture of this wonderful country. Therefore, Peru’s traditional festivals are the perfect way to experience the true culture of this country. During your visit you will experience the food, art, landscapes and other wonders of Peruvian culture.

While you are traveling to Peru you may need to keep communication or a translation app. That’s why you may need to use one of our mobile phone plans for tourists to have a  tourist sim card. In order to make a nice trip here in PeruSIM.  Here’s a top five of peruvian’s celebration.

Inti Raymi

Inti Raymi means “Festival of the Sun” in Quechua language, this is one of the most important traditional festivals in Peru. It is celebrated in the imperial city of Cusco and is one of the most exciting celebrations in the whole country. This wonderful celebration is held in the esplanade of Sacsayhuaman, every June during the celebrations and aims to pay homage to the Sun God, supreme symbol of reverence in the Inca culture.

Every year, more than 600 actors participate in this unique event, representing their ancestors with the same passion as this people did centuries ago.

The current occupants of the Andean countries continue to carry out this tradition. Inti Raymi continues to be a ritual for many other indigenous communities of Inca heritage, some of them settled in other parts of the ancient Inca territory, such as Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, northern Argentina (Jujuy) and Bolivia.

Qoyllur Rit’i

The Qoyllur Riti, which in Quechua means “Snow Star”, is a religious festival celebrated in Cusco 58 days after Easter and a few days before Corpus Christi, so its exact date varies from year to year. The main ceremony takes place on the mountain or snow-capped Ausangate, with temperatures that can exceed 0 ° C. It is one of the most important traditional festivals in Peru.

The ritual is associated with the abundance of the earth and the worship of the Apus, as part of one of the greatest traditions of the indigenous nations. The ritual is a pilgrimage of shepherds, traders and spectators gathered at the shrine at the base of the mountain.

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According to ancient tradition, Baby Jesus appeared to an Indian boy, Marianito Mayta and promised him that his lands would be blessed. The celebration begins on the day of the Holy Trinity when more than 10,000 pilgrims climb to the edge of the perpetual snow.

Corpus Christi

The traditional Feast of Corpus Christi used to be widely celebrated throughout Peru, but the best known popular commemoration is in the impressive city of Cusco.

Fifteen decorated statues of saints and religious figures are placed next to the Plaza de Armas, sixty days after Easter Sunday. During this day you can hear the sounds of Maria Angola, the largest church bell tower in Peru, erected during the sixteenth century by Diego Arias de la Cerda. The night before, the locals prepare and consume around twelve of the most typical Peruvian dishes, which include cuy chiriuchu, chicha (typical local beer) and more.

The main day’s procession takes place around noon. The Plaza de Armas is busy with locals and visitors looking to observe the elegantly decorated saints. Corpus Christi is a very colorful and traditional ritual and for foreign visitors, it is an excellent opportunity to sample traditional Peruvian culture.

Descent of Kings in Ollantaytambo

The traditional Cusco Christmas festivities end with the Festival of the Descent of the Kings, an act known as the descent of the Three Kings. This festival is a clear mixture of colonial and native religions.

Bajadas de Reyes celebrates not only the joy of Christmas celebrations, but also the peak and beginning of the rainy season. It is a feast of nourishment and the upcoming growing season throughout the area. This celebration is marked by a colorful procession of the baby Jesus from the beautiful church of Marcacocha. Traditional dancing is also incorporated into this festival creating one of the most dynamic in Peru.

Santurantikuy

The Quechua expression Santurantikuy, means “Buy me a little saint” and is the emblem of the exhibition and sale whose origins date back to the sixteenth century. The Santurantikuy fair is the spirit, tradition, culture, art and devotion of Cusco.

The origin of this celebration is not clear; it is believed to have its origins in the sixteenth century. The oldest reference dates back to 1834 and it was not named this way. Regardless of this mystery, what we know for sure is that Santurantikuy is a Spanish creation of the colonial era, imposed to evangelize the indigenous Peruvians, including images of Catholic saints that were sold on the steps of the Cathedral of Cusco.

Among the images of the saints that were offered, the most representative of the fair is the Niño Manuelito. This is nothing more than the symbol of the baby Jesus. The name Manuelito is a sweet variation of the Spanish form of “Emmanuel”, as the baby Jesus is also known, according to Catholic folklore.

The Cusquenian people adopted the concept of Niño Manuelito as their own, even dressing him up as an Inca emperor. The celebrations were led by the Jesuits and generated indignation among the Catholic Church. Today, Niño Manuelito continues to be a representative and beloved figure by all Cusqueños, especially during the Christmas season.

As you can see, Peru truly has amazing festivals and traditions to offer. Its culture is something you should definitely experience and make sure one of these festivals is included in your next visit to Peru.

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