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The remains of an adolescent were extracted from a subway tomb along with several ceramics, textile remains, corn and chili peppers.

The remains of apparently a teenager, were extracted from a subway tomb along with several ceramics, a copper needle, textile remains, corn and chili.

“We have found the mummy of an adolescent between 800 and 1,200 years old in a burial structure 2 meters deep in the archaeological site of Cajamarquilla,” said archaeologist Yomira Huamán, head of the Cajamarquilla Archaeological Project.

The mummy with an approximate height of 1 meter and 30 centimeters, was apparently an inhabitant of the Ichma culture that existed about 900 years ago before being annexed by the Inca Empire in the 15th century.

“The finding is very important because of its state of preservation,” said the researcher who leads the team of archaeologists from the University of San Marcos.

According to Huamán, “the coarse sand of the area, with high components of salts, would have generated a natural mummification process, which has allowed the arms, forearms and the two legs to retain traces of skin.”

In addition, her head, separated from her body, maintains locks of hair and part of her teeth can be seen in her jaw.

It is worth mentioning that in February 2022, archaeologists found in Cajamarquilla the remains of eight children and 12 adults that would have been sacrificed in honor of an elite man 800 or 1,200 years ago.

The Cajamarquilla complex occupies an area of 169 hectares where there are remains of four pyramids, among other constructions, such as labyrinth-shaped walls, and according to experts it is the second largest mud city in Peru after Chan Chan, located in the north of the Andean country.

The site is considered a pre-Hispanic mud city, which could have housed between 10,000 and 20,000 people in an area of 167 hectares.

It was also built around 200 BC and was occupied until 1500.

But what else do we know about the Cajamarquilla Complex and how did this mommy was found there:

Cajamarquilla Complex

The Cajamarquilla complex is a pre-Columbian archaeological site located in the Lima region of Peru. The site is known for its extensive network of adobe structures, which were constructed by the Wari culture between 600-1000 AD. The complex is one of the largest archaeological sites in the region and offers insights into the architectural and engineering achievements of the Wari civilization.

History and Significance

The Wari civilization was a pre-Columbian culture that flourished in the Andean region of South America between 600-1000 AD. The Wari people were known for their advanced engineering skills and their ability to construct complex and highly organized cities. The Cajamarquilla complex is an excellent example of the Wari’s engineering prowess.

The Cajamarquilla complex is made up of more than 500 adobe structures, spread over an area of approximately 350 hectares. The structures include residential and administrative buildings, plazas, and irrigation canals. The complex was likely a major administrative and economic center for the Wari civilization.

Architecture and Engineering

The adobe structures at the Cajamarquilla complex are notable for their advanced engineering and construction techniques. The walls of the buildings were constructed using a combination of adobe bricks and stone, which were held together using a mixture of clay and vegetable fibers. The walls were then covered in plaster and painted in bright colors.

The Wari people also developed sophisticated irrigation systems to support their agriculture. The irrigation canals at the Cajamarquilla complex were designed to bring water from nearby rivers to the fields, ensuring a reliable supply of water for crops. The Wari also developed terracing techniques to maximize the use of available land for farming.

Art and Culture

The pottery found at the Cajamarquilla complex is particularly noteworthy for its intricate designs and fine craftsmanship. The textiles produced by the Wari were also highly prized for their beauty and quality.

The Cajamarquilla complex was likely an important center for the administration of the Wari state, with administrative and economic functions that served the needs of the empire.

Decline and Legacy

The Wari civilization declined in the early 11th century, likely due to a combination of factors, including political instability and environmental pressures. The empire eventually collapsed, and the Wari people were absorbed into other Andean cultures.

Today, the Cajamarquilla complex is an important archaeological site, providing valuable insights into the engineering, art, and culture of the Wari civilization. 

The site has been partially restored and is open to visitors, offering a glimpse into the remarkable achievements of one of the most advanced civilizations of pre-Columbian South America.

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