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Although Lima is known for being located by the sea, the Peruvian capital also has many mountain attractions where you can enjoy nature and perform demanding trekking. Just going into its most remote landscapes you will find places like Rúpac, a citadel at 3400 meters above sea level, which is compared to Machu Picchu for its stone buildings.

While you are visiting this place you may need to keep communication. That’s why you may need to use one of our mobile phone plans for tourists to avoid high roaming costs. In order to make a nice trip here in PeruSIM, we will show you more about Rupac.

What is Rupac?

If you want to venture to discover the most hidden corners of Lima, keep reading! Today we tell you what Rúpac is and how you can get to this place.

The archaeological complex of Rúpac is a group of ruins of the Atavillos culture, which developed in this area of Lima in the pre-Inca period.

Here, they built several stone buildings up to 10 meters high, dating from 1200 A.D., which are perfectly preserved to this day, some of which have two floors!

The exciting thing about Rupac is not only the buildings, but also the surrounding landscape. A mountain range is the companion of this citadel, where you will see one of the most beautiful sunsets of your life.

But if there is something that characterizes this place and attracts a large number of adventurers, it is its cloud cover. Between the months of December and March and in the early hours of the morning, Rupac wakes up surrounded by a beautiful spectacle: a cushion of clouds below the citadel that creates a dreamlike landscape.

The walk can be tiring due to the altitude and you will have to get up early to see the cloud bed, but this wonder of nature will stay in your memory (and in your camera!) forever.

How to get there


The way to Rúpac can be done with a tourist agency, which usually leave from the center of Lima and include the transport of backpack and tent on a donkey and, usually, some food. But if you are more adventurous, you can also do it on your own, here\’s how!

First leg: from Lima to Huaral. If you are staying at one of our hotels in Miraflores, you will have to travel early in the morning to the center of Lima, where there are several agencies that have buses to Huaral. This trip takes between three and four hours.

Second stretch: from Huaral to Pampas. Once you are in Huaral, you will have to go to the Pinasco tap, from where the buses to Pampas leave. This bus will make a stop in La Florida, where you will have to get off to buy the entrance ticket to the archeological complex (S/ 15 – US$ 4.5).

Some people make the stretch from La Florida to Pampas walking, but we recommend you to continue with the colectivo, as you will have to save energy for the trekking.

Third stretch: from Pampas to Rúpac. Pampas is the starting point of the trek to Rúpac. In this small village you will find a couple of restaurants where we recommend you to recharge your energy for the trek, they have delicious dishes at a good price!

 And after a good meal, it\’s time to start walking. The route takes about two and a half hours and has an elevation gain of 500 meters, so almost all the way is uphill. Get those legs ready!

Once in Rúpac, the only thing left to do is to enjoy. Set up your tent and get ready for a night surrounded by mountains and stars.


The hike to Rupac is demanding and you will have to be well prepared. Here are some recommendations:

If you want to leave Lima and do the hike the same day, you will have to take the bus from the city center very early (around 6:00 a.m.). If you prefer to have a rest day, we recommend staying in Huaral.

If you are going to go on your own, we recommend that you carry in your backpack just what you need for the days of hiking and camping, so you will avoid that the road is hard for you.

In Rúpac there is no store, so you will have to carry all the food you need from Lima or Huaral.

Take light clothing and a sun hat for the trekking and very warm clothes for the night, since when the sun goes down the temperature drops drastically.

Be prepared with a sleeping bag that can withstand low temperatures. Take pills for altitude sickness or coca leaves, so you will avoid the soroche and you can make the trek without complications.

Finally, we know that you have to keep communication with your relatives and friends, that you need to be able to orient yourself in new cities, that you might need help with translation and that you might need to search for restaurants or hotels. That’s why with PeruSIM you can buy a SIM card including the data plan of your need without having to worry about high roaming costs.