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Just as Cusco was the center of religious politics of the Inca empire, the heart of this capital was in turn the sacred temple of Coricancha, from which all the roads that led to the four of them departed and where all the religious power was concentrated, because already in the time of Pachacutec, the idols of the various conquered peoples were found in the place and the mummies of the dead rulers were kept in it and the worship of the Sun God was rendered above all. 

While you are traveling to Peru you may need to keep communication or a translation app. That’s why you may need to use one of our mobile phone plans for tourists to have a  tourist sim card. In order to make a nice trip here in PeruSIM. Here we show you a little bit about Qoricancha temple.

Etymology and Meaning:

The Coricancha or as it is correctly written in Quechua language Qorikancha, is a word composed of two voices of this language, Qori which means gold or golden and Kancha which do not have a literal translation in Spanish but alludes to a certain space or place.

History:

About the origin of this place, research has led us to the following conclusions: the place as a sanctuary has existed since before the establishment of the Inca tribe. As this apparently belonged to the Sahuasiray at the time of their arrival and already defeating them, these were finally established, being this the first residence in which Manco Capac inhabited and his subsequent successors who would gradually form various alliances to gradually consolidate as a confederation.

It is important to note that the first rulers until Inca Roca would be established in this place and when they built their own palace in what is now the archbishopric of Cusco. The Inty Cancha as it was known until then, would remain only as a temple of the sun although it was still very modest, like the rest of the buildings of the city, which were simple chosas.

Upon the arrival of the Spaniards to the city on November 14, 1533, the Spaniards extracted all the gold plates that adorned this magnificent temple, as well as the gold and silver idols that were kept inside. During the distribution of lots, this was given to Juan Pizarro, brother of Francisco Pizarro, who years later would donate the place to the order of the Dominicans, founding in the place the current temple of Santo Domingo.

Description:

The current Coricancha and convent of Santo Domingo delimits in our days in the east with the main avenue of the city – the avenue of the Sun, in the east with Ahuacpinta street, in the north with Arrayanniyoq street, and today to the south with the current school of San Martin and multiple private properties that in Inca times were part of this sacred place.

Towards the side of the avenue of the sun is possible to find a large green area in which today are held various scheduled events, including the first part of the Inty Raymi, also the current museum of Coricancha Site, and the temple itself has fine stonework platforms that house the so-called Solar Garden, which in Inca times was adorned with exact copies of the most important plants and animals throughout the empire. In this structure stands out a semicircular building of fine rock carved with an accuracy characteristic of the imperial Inca period.

The frontispiece that delimits with the Arrayanniyoq street, in the practice does not have another Inca structure, that the one that we described as more outstanding in the previous paragraph and this denominated by the frontispiece of the church of Santo Domingo, the impressive bell tower of baroque style and the entrance door and control of the temple of Coricancha for the one that all the tourists accede.

Finally, in the limit with the Ahuacpinta street it is possible to appreciate one of the best conserved walls, which in the same way is built with an impressive precision typical of the ruling style at the height of the Inca empire.

Vision of the existing dark spaces in the milky way.

A painting of the place also details an impressive representation of the Andean vision of the milky way in which besides appreciating different constellations, the empty spaces of the same or dark nebulae were very important, in them the Incas apparently represented the creatures that existed on earth.

How to visit the Coricancha:

You can take several options, do it as you feel more comfortable, however, what you should do in any of the cases is to keep in mind that the entrance ticket has a cost per person of 15 nuevos soles and that the entrance is not included in the Tourist Ticket of the city as other pages claim, in the Tourist Ticket of the city is included only the site museum located on Avenida del Sol.

Location:

Throughout what was the empire of the Incas, we find various places that we can call temple of the sun or with similar names; however, for its importance and history the main of all is the Coricancha located in the Peruvian city of Cusco, specifically in the street Ahuacpinta 659-A two blocks from the main square of Cusco.Finally, we know that you have to keep communication with your relatives and friends, that you need to be able to orient yourself in new cities, that you might need help with translation and that you might need to search for restaurants or hotels. That’s why with PeruSIM you can buy a SIM card including the data plan of your need without having to worry about high roaming costs.